My research interests neatly tied up into three areas of wildlife ecology. These are vertebrate ecology, sampling based (simple random sampling and stratified random sampling) ecological survey of vertebrate faunas, population estimation and statistical (and ecological) modeling of species distribution and abundance by utilizing the power of computer programming. In these remit I harness sets of applied scientific courses and these are 1. Ecology 2. Statistics 3. Algebra and Trigonometry 4. Calculus 5. Statistical programing in R and 6. Python and Java programming to find solutions of various mathematical problems that underlie all ecological questions.
Mohammed’s research interest broadly encompass the areas of demographic study of endangered vertebrates, flagship species and keystone ecosystem conservation in tropical biomes, landscape ecology & wildlife corridor conservation, meta population structure and dynamics, wetland ecology and associated biodiversity conservation and carnivore conservation in human dominated landscapes in Asia. He is particularly interested to understand the spatial and temporal distribution pattern of the keystone carnivores that are often served as a flagship species to bring about the overall biodiversity and ecosystem conservation in South Asia. In this regard, he is keen on understanding the semi-aquatic tropical coastal ecosystems (mangrove estuary) and its associated biodiversity conservation integrating the coastal communities under the broader rubric of community based conservation management focus. Mohammed feels biodiversity conservation goals should be aimed at meeting the goals of landscape based eco-regional conservation management plan in order to preserve the gene pool, ecosystem services, evolutionary processes and wildlife that are intricately connected in a broad heterogeneous landscape mosaic.
Mohammed is as an avid tiger conservationist from his childhood. Tigers are graceful large sympatric carnivore that are faced with various levels of ecological (both stochastic and deterministic) and anthropogenic threats in the South Asian landscape. Although tiger numbers have been declined dramatically over the last 70 years, the population seems to be somewhat steady or increasing in certain ecological units in India and Nepal: thanks to dedicated conservation works grounded to science based ecological monitoring and survey. In Bangladesh context, the wetland of Sundarbans is the only ecosystem that harbors tigers. The population size may be less than 200 but preserving the remaining population size will largely depends on adopting ecosystem based conservation management plan in the Sundarbans. Focusing to conserve only a small grove of protected areas may not be benefited to increase the tiger numbers in the long run hence it is imperative that the entire wetland ecosystem of the Sundarbans are ecologically addressed that are rooted into solid science of conservation biology, wildlife ecology, landscape ecology and mathematics. Without the conceptually valid, statistically sound conservation monitoring program that emphasis on eco-regional based conservation management principles, tigers of Bangladesh may be facing bleak future in the long run.