Email: ashraf dot ecology at gmail dot com
Bachelor of Science (BSc.) with Honors in Wildlife Biology, Year 2005, Upper Second Class 2:1, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, UK
Higher National Diploma (HND) in Ecology and Conservation Management, Year 2003, Merit
Myerscough College, Preston, UK
Founder of Species Ecology
My academic interests broadly focused on three distinct but strongly related areas of applied science. These are 1. Ecology and Wildlife Science 2. Mathematics and 3. Computer Programming. In these three areas, I am particularly focused on understanding the distribution patterns of endangered vertebrates, their ecological density and abundance and other demographic parameters which comprise critically important data set for devising sound conservation management plan with highest statistical rigor. Therefore, I utilize sets of mathematical and computational programming tools to understand species distribution parameters both in spatial and temporal scales. These are some of the basic ecological questions that my academic work attempts to answer: 1. What is the population size of any particular species and how this species is distributed in its ecological habitats? 2. Where exactly their distribution is increasing, decreasing and remain steady and what are the underlying mechanisms that drive their distribution patterns across the landscape? 3. What is this species survival and recruitment rate, its fecundity and mortality rate and how this species population is doing (increasing or declining) over time and space?
My research interests neatly tied up into three areas of wildlife ecology. These are vertebrate ecology, sampling based (simple random sampling and stratified random sampling) ecological survey of vertebrate faunas, population estimation and statistical (and ecological) modeling of species distribution and abundance by utilizing the power of computer programming. In these remit I harness sets of applied scientific courses and these are 1. Ecology 2. Statistics 3. Algebra and Trigonometry 4. Calculus 5. Statistical programing in R and 6. Python and Java programming to find solutions of various mathematical problems that underlie all ecological questions.
My general interests broadly falls into three major categories: 1. Conservation biology 2. Website development for ecological and conservation outreach, partnership and education 3. Developing mathematical algorithm to solve algebraic and statistical problems (mainly ecological problems) in Python and R programming languages.
Analytical Research Skills
Animal population estimation requires set of analytical skills on statistically valid survey design. Therefore, my analytic skills focused on following areas: 1. Survey design that incorporate power of random sampling for estimating species distribution, absolute density, abundance, habitat occupancy and other demographic and ecological parameters. 2. Problems of dealing with detection probability in animal population sampling survey 3. Animal population survey design that focuses on indirect counts of animals for example dung (pellet) count for ungulates species hence estimating indices of relative abundance and distribution of the animal.
Mathematical and Ecological Skills
Advance statistical and programming skills in R and Python programming languages
Advance skills on algebraic, trigonometric, geometry and pre-calculus applications
Advance skills on algorithm development for finding solutions by writing codes in Python, R and Java programing languages
Strong command of both mathematics and programing languages to support teaching and research in school, college and university freshman.
Strong command of ecology and its sub disciplines of wildlife science, conservation biology, human ecology and applied ecology to support teaching and research in school, colleges and university freshman.
Ashraf, M. 2016. It’s all in the geese! Unpublished Essay
Ashraf, M. 2015. Wildlife Ecology: Animal Population Sampling & Estimation: Brief Introduction. Unpublished Essay
Ashraf, M. 2014. World Wetland Day : Wetland ecosystems, its benefits and science based conservation management practice. Unpublished article.
Ashraf, M., Habjoka, N. 2013. Tropical Mangroves; Biologically Most Diverse ‘The Global 200’ Ecosystem: Megachiroptera as Key Ecological and Conservation Tool, E-Newsletter (Issue 315) of Mangrove Action Project (MAP), May 2013
Ashraf, M. 2012. Conservation prioritization for the wild tigers in the Bangladesh Sundarbans. Tigerpaper: United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization’s (UN-FAO) Regional Asia Pacific (RAP) Journal. Vol. 39:2.
Ashraf, M. 2012. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) for conserving wild tigers in Bangladesh. Conservation Review, Vol. 3:1
Ashraf, M. 2010. The eco-political perspective: Tiger conservation in Bangladesh as case study. Tigerpaper: United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization’s (UN-FAO) Regional Asia Pacific (RAP) Journal. Vol. 37:4.
Ashraf, M. 2007. Biogeographical distribution and natural groupings among five sympatric wild cats in tropical South Asia, Biodiversity: Journal of Life on Earth/ Tropical Conservancy, Vol. 8:4, Pages 15-20
Ashraf, M. 2006. The extirpation of Bali and Javan tiger: lessons from the past. Tigerpaper: United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization’s (UN-FAO) Regional Asia Pacific (RAP) Journal. Vol. 33:3.
Ashraf, M. 2006. Island biogeography: The forest birds of Andaman Island as case study. Tigerpaper: United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization’s (UN-FAO) Regional Asia Pacific (RAP) Journal. Vol. 33:1.
Ashraf, M. 2005. Conserving the wild tiger: A need for ecological studies. British ecological society bulletin, Vol. 36:2.
Ashraf, M. 2005. Sundarbans mangrove ecosystem and its keystone species (Full Article & Unpublished)
Ashraf, M. 2005. Sundarbans mangrove ecosystem and its keystone species (Mini Article). Society for Conservation Biology Newsletter, Vol. 12: 3.
Ashraf, M. 2005. Biogeographic distribution of pythons. Tigerpaper: United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization’s (UN-FAO) Regional Asia Pacific (RAP) Journal. Vol. 32:2
Ashraf, M. 2004. Mangrove forest and wild tiger ecology: Conservation implications. In Practice Bulletin, Institute for Ecological and Environmental Management (IEEM), UK. No 45.
Ashraf, M. 2004. Wild tiger ecology & conservation in the Indian subcontinent eco-region. Tigerpaper: United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization’s (UN-FAO) Regional Asia Pacific (RAP) Journal. Vol. 31:4.
Ashraf, M. 2000. Quoted on article titled : Shell drilling deal threatens tiger reserve : British Sunday Times. August 20, 2000 (Copied from British Sunday Times Newspaper)
Ashraf, M. 2000. Let the 450 Bengal tigers survive. Link, quarterly magazine of Friends of the Earth International (FoEI), The Netherlands, Issue 95.
Ashraf, M. 2000. Protect world’s largest mangrove forest/Bangladesh, Global Response action number 5/00, USA
Ashraf, M. 2000. Country report: The mangrove forest of Bangladesh. Proceedings of the 1st regional workshop, Institute for Environment and Development Studies (IEDS), Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Berkeley Press: https://works.bepress.com/biocentrism/
GNU Linux, Oracle UNIX, BSD-UNIX, Windows
Debian Linux, Open Mandriva, Linux Mint, PC Linux, FreeBSD, Oracle Solaris, Ubuntu & Windows
Command Line Inter-phase (CLI) : Linux/UNIX/BSD Shells & MSDOS in Windows
Graphical User Inter-phase (GUI) : KDE, Unity, GNOME, XFCE in Linux and Windows
Apache Server and MySQL under Debian based Linux distributions
Mathematical Programming (Debian, Ubuntu, Rasp Pi & Solaris)
Python (Version 2.7-3.6) based MATLAB style programming
R (All Versions) based statistical, algebraic and computational programming
Java (Version 8.1+) based numerical programming including root findings
Mathematical Typesetting Mark Up Languages
LaTeX hence TeX by American Mathematical Society
LyX for mathematical publications
KmPlot, GeoGebra, R Commander, QtiPlot, SciLab, SiDavis, GNUPlot, Euler, Maxima, Kalgebra
Integrated Development Environment (IDLE)
Ipython, IDLE, Rkward, R Studio, Spyder, Ecilipse and Geany
Mathematical Packages Under Windows Platform
SPSS, JMP, Minitab for Statistical Computation and Modeling, MATLAB, Mathematica, and Maplin for Calculus, Algebraic and Trigonometric Functions and Modeling
Webpage Design, Development & Implementation
Strong command and full proficiency on developing professional websites in Word Press
System Development & Installations
Hard drive partition management, swap, root and home partition management under extension 3-4 file journaling systems in Linux, NTFS and File Allocation Table (FAT) in Windows, UnetBootin and Linux, UNIX, BSD and Windows installation from the scratch including Grand Unified Bootloading (GRUB) for dual and multi-boot for both Windows and Linux distributions.
Hardware Configuration & Management
Upgrading and installing Random Access Memory (RAM)
Hard drive upgrading, replacement and installation
Central Processing Unit (CPU) upgrading, replacement and installations
General Purpose Office Suits/Packages
Libre Office, Open Office and Microsoft Office
Invited Seminars and Workshops
In the Hands of Fishers (IHOF) : Local communities and mangrove ecosystem conservation and management workshop in Chilaw lagoon in Sri Lanka by Mangrove Action Project (MAP), Washington, USA, Year 2000.
Save Sundarbans Mangrove Ecosystem: International seminar organized by Friends of the Earth Indonesia, Malaysia and Bangladesh, Year 1999
Drilling Deal Threatens Tiger Reserve : Conference organized by Friends of the Earth Netherlands, UK and Bangladesh. Year 1999
Professional and Research Collaboration, Partnership and Participation
Consultative status, capacity building and partnership with Mangrove Action Project, Washington, USA.
Collaborative ecological letter writing campaign with Global Response, Colorado, USA.
Collaborative tripartite ecological and conservation campaign with Friends of the earth UK, Netherlands and Bangladesh.
Ongoing collaborative partnership with academic and research scholars through Species Ecology site www.speciesecology.wordpress.com
Recognition and Awards
World Conservation Union (IUCN) Species Survival Commission (SSC) Cat Specialist Group’s digital library endorsement and enlistment of my selected publications.
Invitation for manuscript review and editorial support for Society for Conservation Biology.
Anglia Ruskin University merit scholarship for undergraduate wildlife biology program.
Hobbies and Interests
Developing algorithm for solving statistical and algebraic problems in Python, R and Java
Reading statistical and ecological books
Writing ecological and mathematical articles and blogs
Visiting nature reserves and watching wildlife
Photographing wildlife and ecosystems notably estuarine and forest biomes
Enjoying country musics (honky tonk) by Aaron Tippin, Johnny Cash and Hank Williams
Playing and spending time with my cats: Megan, Yuki and Grace
Mentors and Influences
Dr. Islam Faisal – Adjunct Professor, Natural Resource Institute, University of Manitoba, Canada
Dr. Edward Wilson – Father of Biodiversity, Duke University, Harvard University, USA
Dr. George Schaller – Carnivore Ecologist – Wildlife Conservation Society, USA
Dr. Ullas Karanth – Tiger Ecologist – Wildlife Conservation Society, India Program
Ms. Rachel Carson – Marine Biologist – Johns Hopkins University, USA
Dr. Nancy Harrison
Senior Lecturer, Department of Life Science
Anglia Ruskin University, East Road
Cambridge, CB1 1PT
T: (0044) 01223 363271
Dr. Jaime H. Martin
Lecturer in Ecology
Myerscough College and University of Central Lancashire
Bilsborrow, Preston, Lancashire
PR3 0RY, UK
T: (0044) 01995 642222